Who Signed The Geneva Agreement On Issue Of Afghanistan

The agreements will almost certainly become more and more controversial. They were rushed to completion and signature in a matter of weeks, after six years of glacial progress and deadlock; negotiations were kept secret until the agreements were signed. They were touted by their supporters as the confirmation of the Reagan Doctrine, which would drive the Soviets out of Afghanistan, end the war and create a chance for Afghan independence and self-determination. Critics of the agreements insist that they do not achieve these goals and that they represent a reversal of American policy, as has been said many times by two governments and Congress since the Soviet invasion with broad public support. The most important provisions, some say, are unenforceable and unenforceable. The legal analysis of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs remained secret even after the agreements were signed. The agreements were signed by the four countries on 14 April 1988 in Geneva. On the same day, the Secretary-General informed the Security Council of the role it had asked it to perform. He declared his intention to send 50 military observers to the region, subject to The Council`s agreement.

The Afghan resistance or the mujahideen did not participate in the geneva negotiations or agreements and therefore refused to accept the terms of the agreement. As a result, the civil war continued after the end of the Soviet withdrawal. The regime of Mohammad Najibullah, supported by the Soviet Union, was unable to gain the support, territory or international recognition of the population, but it was able to remain in power until 1992, when it collapsed and was invaded by the mujahideen. The agreements also contained provisions for the timing of the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan. It officially began on May 15, 1988 and ended on February 15, 1989, ending nine years of Soviet occupation and the Soviet-Afghanistan war. Then there are important parts of the Agreements on Afghanistan, signed today in Geneva and made available by the United Nations. Both bilateral agreements were signed by Afghanistan and Pakistan; The agreement on relations was signed by these two countries with the signing of witnesses by the Soviet Union and the United States, and the declaration on international guarantees was signed by the United States and the Soviet Union. Bilateral agreement between the Republic of Afghanistan and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on the principles of mutual relations, in particular on non-interference and non-interference The second bilateral agreement between Pakistan and Afghanistan deals with the “voluntary return of refugees”. Although this agreement repeatedly calls for voluntary return, the agreement stipulates that the return must be completed within 18 months and does not provide provisions for refugees who, under current conditions or those who may change, do not decide to return home.